Additional remarks milk prices November 2009


The average milk price calculated for November 2009 deliveries is € 27.93 per 100 kg standard milk. This is compared with the same month last year € 4.59 lower (minus 14.1%). In comparison to October 2009 the average milk price is € 0.87 higher. While milk prices are climbing out of the valley the average October milk price is still far below the level of last year. For the first time in 2009 calculated milk prices of several diaries, namely Milcobel and DOC Kaas, appear to be higher in November than in the same month last year.

Advanced milk prices 2009

Now the milk prices till November and for some diaries until December are calculated, an estimate of the advanced average milk price can be made for the calendar year 2009.
The advance average milk price of 16 European companies in 2009 is expected be approximately € 26.50 per 100 kg standard milk. This is almost 8 euro or 23% lower than last year.


With North Island producing less, dragging total production down by nearly 1.5% and South Island consistently producing more, total NZ-dairy production is predicted to be in a current range of 0 - 0.5% up on last season. If a normal weather pattern prevails for the remainder of the season estimates are that New Zealand’s 2009/10 production will be appr. 1 -1.5% above the previous season.

Australia’s production figures for the first 3 months of the season showed a decline of appr. 4% compared to last year.In September milkproduction was 7.2% lower,compared to same month last year,extending the year-on-year decline. Production for the whole current 2009/10 year is estimated at 9.0 billion litres or a reduction of 4% on last year.


Calculated milk price of Fonterra decreased by € 0.44 compared to previous month because of the currency rate effects.

US milk production in November was estimated down 1% from a year ago. The drop in cow numbers continued in November,while productivity nationwide remained above last year’s levels.
Total cow herd is expected to average about 3% smaller compared to 2008.This will continue in 2010.

Recently USDA revised its milkproduction forecasts for 2009 and 2010 because dairy cow liquidation has been slower than expected and improving milk prices in 2010 are expected to reduce the rate of decline in milk cow numbers.Their latest estimate was a fall of 0.8% for 2009,and a further 0.9% to 187.7 billion 2010.
Declining feed prices and higher milkprices will further improve the so called milk to feed profitability price ratio,but not to a level that will cause further expansion.

Although milk production is forecast higher than last month, improving demand is expected to support prices for most products. Prices for cheese, nonfat dry milk, and whey are forecast higher, but butter prices are forecast slightly lower.
The all milk price is forecast at $12.70 to $12.80 per cwt for 2009 and $16.35 to $17.15 per cwt ( =± € 25,50/100 kg on average) for 2010.

In December the cheese market appers to be under pressure ; end november total cheese stocks were 17% higher than a yaer ago and Cheddar 40-pound block prices were gradually coming down from $ 1.70 to $ 1.48 per pound(=± $ 3260/ton) The current (intervention) support price on blocks is $1.13.Last year in December cheese price was app. $ 1.865 per pound or 20% higher.

Butter prices declined from $1.52 end November to $1.3275 (=± $ 2925/ton) end December .The current support price on butter is $1.05. Last year in December butter price was app. $ 1.14 per pound or14% lower. End november total butter stocks were 19% higher than a yaer ago
Dry whey has been trading up in the $0.38 to $0.41 per pound range and nonfat dry milk prices are staying around $1.40 (=± $ 3100/ton) per pound,which is 75% above the current (intervention) support price of $0.80. End november total non fat dry milk stocks were ± 123.000 ton or 37% lower than a yaer ago


Dutch Quotations € per 100 kg
1 January 2009 31 December 2009 index trend
Butter 210 315 150,0
Whole milkpowder 195 252 129,2
Skimmed milkpowder 150 205 136,6
Wheypowder 39 69 177,0
Gouda cheese ± 310 ± 290 93,5


Market comments

In the Netherlands milk output during the period January – November 2009 was 10.148 billion kgs or appr. 1.6% higher, compared to the same period last year. The average milk fat and protein percentage during this period was 4.36% and 3.48% being 0.01% higher, resp 0.01% lower compared to last year.
The milk output figure in the EU-27 for the period January-September 2009 declined and was 0.32% lower than the previous year. Despite this trend milkoutput in the April – September period did increased 0.4% compared to same months last year. However this picture is influenced by the German milk strike in the second quarter of 2008.

A general positive sentiment is noticeable. Rising prices for dairy commodities on the international and EU markets have turned the tide. Rising demand and a limited growth of milk production worldwide are now bringing markets more in balance.
On the worldmarket many believe commodity prices are reaching their peak. Although prices are believed to remain relatively buoyant and may stabilise around current levels until the end of the first quarter of 2010, upward momentum is slowly fading away.Much will depend on how milk production will respond to the quick price rebound,especially in the EU and US.
At the latest Fonterra auction of January AMF prices were just 4% higher,while milkpowder prices were down appr. 7% on average.

Until now price recovery has the character of a supply driven development. If the recovery will continue or current price levels will be sustainable for the next couple of months depends on the return of a more structural increase of demand at the one side and a more contained supply growth at the other side.

For the moment milkpowder and butterprices are coming down in order to achieve a better supply/demand balance.